Tuesday, April 23, 2019

From the standard Islamic legal reference "Reliance of the Traveller": o1.0 WHO IS SUBJECT TO RETALIATION FOR INJURIOUS CRIMES

The excerpt below shows among other things that in Sharia, Islamic law, it is lawful for a Muslim to kill a non-Muslim:

o1.0 WHO IS SUBJECT TO RETALIATION FOR INJURIOUS CRIMES

(O: Injurious crimes includes not only those committed with injurious weapons, but those inflicted otherwise as well, such as with sorcery (def: x136). Killing without right is, after unbelief, one of the very worst enormities, as Shafi`i explicitly states in (n: Muzani's) The Epitome. The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said:
 ``The blood of a Muslim man who testifies that there is no god but Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah is not lawful to shed unless he be one of three: a married adulterer, someone killed in retaliation for killing another, or some-one who abandons his religion and the Muslim community,'' and in another hadith,
``The killing of a believer is more heinous in Allah's sight that doing away with all of this world.'' Allah Most High says:
``... and not to slay the soul that Allah has forbidden, except with right'' (Koran 6:151), and, ``O you who believe, retaliation is prescribed for you regarding the slain...'' (Koran 2:178).)

o1.1 Retaliation is obligatory (A: if the person entitled wishes to take it (dis: o3.8)) against anyone who kills a human being purely intentionally and without right. (O: Intentionally is a first restriction and excludes killing someone through an honest mistake, while purely excludes a mistake made in a deliberate injury (def: o2.3), and without right excludes cases of justifiable homicide such as lawful retaliation.)

o1.2 The following are not subject to retaliation:
(1) a child or insane person, under any circumstances (O: whether Muslim or non-Muslim.
The ruling for a person intermitently insane is that he is considered as a sane person when in his right
mind, and as if someone continously insane when in an interval of insanity. If someone against whom retaliation is obligatory subsequently becomes insane, the full penalty is nevertheless exacted. A homicide committed by someone who is drunk is (A: considered the same as that of a sane person,) like his pronouncing divorce (dis: n1.2));
(2) a Muslim for killing a non-Muslim;
 (3) a Jewish or Christian subject of the Islamic state for killing an apostate from Islam (O: because a subject of the state is under its protection, while killing an apostate from Islam is without consequences);
(4) a father or mother (or their fathers of mothers) fir killing their offspring, or offspring's offspring; (5) nor is retaliation permissible to a descendant for (A: his ancestor's) killing someone whose death would otherwise entitle the descendant to retaliate, such as when his father kills his mother.

Reliance of the Traveller (Umdat a-Salik), a manual of Islamic Sacred Law, whose translation into English has been approved by Egypt`s Al-Azhar, the chief centre of Islamic learning in the world, can be bought on amazon for instance:


Dr Bill Warner

@PoliticalIslam


Vlogger, scientist, educator, author of best selling books on political Islam. Founder, CSPI  I follow the common man.
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To read about what Islamic law, Sharia, is and what it means to the non-Muslim, I suggest your read Sharia Law for non-Muslims by Bill Warner PhD: 
https://www.politicalislam.com/author/

About Dr. Bill Warner, Author

Dr. Bill Warner
Dr. Bill Warner is a prominent and highly respected expert on Political Islam. He holds a PhD in Physics & Applied Mathematics from North Carolina State University. He has held positions as a research scientist, business owner and University Professor.
Dr. Warner has had a life-long interest in religion and its effects on history. He has studied the source texts of the major religions for decades. Even before the destruction of the World Trade Center he had predicted the war between Islam and America. The day after 9/11 he decided to make the source texts of Islam available for the average person.
Dr. Warner’s training in scientific theory and mathematics shaped how he analyzed Islamic doctrine. Realizing that the Islamic texts had been made deliberately difficult to read and comprehend, he set out to organize the doctrine in a manner that would be easily understood by the average person. As he analyzed the foundational Islamic texts, it became clear that Islam is not constructed on the same civilizational principles as the rest of the world.
Simple statistical methods revealed that dualism and submission were the foundational principles of Islamic doctrine.
Dr. Warner founded the Center for the Study of Political Islam (CSPI) to further the study of political Islam and its ramifications for Western Civilization.

He has written fifteen books that teach about Political Islam and make the Islamic doctrine understandable. He also developed the first self-study course on Political Islam.