A Call for Intelligent Profiling [by Frederick Schauer]
New York Sun
- A generalization is the process by which, "on the basis of a characteristic of some members of a class, we reach conclusions or make decisions about the entire class."
- Spurious factors are those with no statistical import in reaching generalizations (i.e., the role of gender in predicting intelligence); nonspurious factors do have statistical importance (i.e., gender in predicting physical strength).
- Prejudices are views based on spurious beliefs about a group.
- Profiling is "a process of generalization, seeking to narrow the list of possible suspects by identifying an area of interaction among numerous generalizations."