To read a bit about Dr. Timothy R. Furnish at his personal website, kindly click on this link:
My name is Timothy R. Furnish and I'm a Ph.D. in Islamic history (Ohio State, 2001) who works as a consultant, researcher and author on the topics of Islam, Mahdism, Jihadism, Shi`ism, other Islamic sects, the Caliphate and Eschatology in general. During the Reagan years I was an Arabic linguist in the 101st Airborne Division; later I was commissioned and trained as a (Christian) Army chaplain, although eventually opting for an academic, rather than a military-pastoral, career. My personal research specializations are Islamic eschatology (end of time beliefs), Mahdism, Islamic fundamentalism, jihadism, the Hidden Imam and how all of these relate to modern politics. I am also a huge J.R.R. Tolkien fan and writing, believe it or not, a new book on the military and political history of Middle-earth. I live near Atlanta, Georgia.
A one-page PDF "media card" of my publications, lectures, TV and radio appearances (with relevant embedded links) is below:
Doctorate in Islamic/Middle Eastern, African and World history (Ohio State, 2001)
Consultant to US Special Operations Command and Intelligence Community
Specializations: Islamic sects and movements, jihad, political Islam, Mahdism (Islamic messianism), Islamic eschatology (End of Time beliefs), Iran, Islam in Africa, Sufism, Shi`ism
Books: Sects, Lies, and the Caliphate: 10 Years of Observations on Islam
Ten Years' Captivation with the Mahdi's Camps: Essays on Muslim Eschatology, 2005-2015
Holiest Wars: Islamic Mahdis, their Jihads, and Osama bin Laden
Holiest Wars: Islamic Mahdis, their Jihads, and Osama bin Laden
Popular articles in: “The Weekly Standard,” “History News Network,” “The Washington Times,” “PJ Media,” “The Lutheran Witness,” “Frontpagemag,” “Atlanta Journal & Constitution.”
Scholarly articles in: “Journal of International Security Affairs,” “Middle East Quarterly,” “World Alamanac of Islamism,” “Institute for Near East and Gulf Military Analysis,” “Journal of the Psychological Operations Association.”
Lectures: Hudson Institute, Hebrew University (Israel), Haifa University (Israel), US Army War College, Monterey Institute of International Studies, Rice University, Islamic Centre of England, Ben Gurion University of the Negev (Israel), Mahdism Conference in Iran, Joint Special Operations University, Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, Combatting Terrorism Technical Support Office, Defense Institute for Security Assistance Management, Georgia State University, Concordia University-Irvine, Madison Forum, Georgia Tea Party.
Media: Fox News Channel, FNC "Greta: Investigates ISIS," Israel Public Radio, al-Jazeera, BBC-Ireland, Radio Liberty, Janet Parshall Show, Janet Mefferd Show, Bill Bennett’s “Morning in America," Alan Colmes' Radio Show, “Studio A” (St. Louis), “The Martha Zoller Show” (Gainesville, GA), “The Denny Shaffer Show” (Atlanta), “Chuck Morse Speaks” (Internet radio), “Glazov Gang” (Internet radio).
Beheading in the Name of Islam
Middle East Quarterly
Spring 2005, pp. 51-57
Apologetics and Reality
Decapitation in Islamic Theology
Under no circumstances should the Muslim lose sight of this aim and start taking the enemy soldiers as captives. Captives should be taken after the enemy has been completely crushed.
Decapitation in Islamic History
Three black [Mahdist] soldiers were in the lead, one of whom he recognized as a man named Shatta. … Shatta was carrying something wrapped in a bloody cloth. Slatin stood silent as they stopped in front of him, their faces triumphant. With a smile, Shatta undid the cloth while the crowd shouted. Slatin looked: it was Gordon's severed head … "Is this not the head of your uncle, the unbeliever?"
Nevertheless, Islam is the only major world religion today that is cited by both state and non-state actors to legitimize beheadings. And two major aspects of decapitation in an Islamic context should be noted: first, the practice has both Qur'anic and historical sanction. It is not the product of a fabricated tradition. Second, in contradiction to the assertions of apologists, both Muslim and non-Muslim, these beheadings are not simply a brutal method of drawing attention to the Islamist political agenda and weakening opponents' will to fight. Zarqawi and other Islamists who practice decapitation believe that God has ordained them to obliterate their enemies in this manner. Islam is, for this determined minority of Muslims, anything but a "religion of peace." It is, rather, a religion of the sword with the blade forever at the throat of the unbeliever.
Timothy Furnish is assistant professor of history at Georgia Perimeter College in Atlanta.
 Sunday Times (London), Dec. 13, 1998.
 Robert Spencer, "Murder of Theo Van Gogh and the Decline of the West," Human Events Online,Nov. 4, 2004.
 Newsday, Feb. 1, 2005; The New York Sun, Feb. 7, 2005; The Weekly Standard, Jan. 31, 2005.
 USA Today, June 20, 2004; "U.S. Muslims Condemn Beheadings," news release, U.S. Embassy, Islamabad, Pakistan, June 25, 2004.
 Atlanta Journal-Constitution, June 26, 2004.
 "U.S. Muslims Condemn Beheadings," U.S. Embassy.
 The Washington Times, June 24, 2004.
 Daniel Pipes, "Jihad and Professors," Commentary, Nov. 2002.
 See Michael Rubin, "Ansar al-Sunna: Iraq's New Terrorist Threat," Middle East Intelligence Bulletin, Spring 2004.
 Sura 47:3.
 Qur. 47:3; Abdullah Yusuf Ali, The Meaning of the Glorious Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary, vol. II (Cairo: Dar al-Kitab al-Masri, 1934), pp. 1378-9; Mohammed Marmaduke Pickthall, The Meaning of the Glorious Koran: An Explanatory Translation (Pakistan: Al-Farooq Masjid, n.d.), p. 361; N. J. Dawood, The Koran: Translated with Notes (London: Penguin Books, 1990), p. 357; J.M. Rodwell, The Koran, Translated from the Arabic (London: J.M. Dent & Sons, Ltd., 1915), p. 382.
 Jami' al-Bayan fi Tafsir al-Qur'an (Beirut: Dar al-Ma'rifah, 1972), p. 26.
 Mahmud b. Umar az-Zamakhshari, Al-Kashshaf'an Haqa'iq at-Tanzil wa-'Uyun al-Aqawil fi Wujuh at-Ta'wil, vol. 3 (Beirut: Dar al-Ma'arif, n.d.), p. 530.
 Yusuf 'Ali, The Meaning of the Glorious Qur'an, p. 1378, ftnt. 4820.
 M.M. Khatib, The Bounteous Koran, A Translation of Meaning and Commentary (London: MacMillan Press, 1984), p. 673, ftnt. 3.
 S. Abul A' la Mawdudi, The Meaning of the Qur'an, vol. XIII (Lahore: Islamic Publications, Ltd., 1986), p. 13.
 Ibid., pp. 13-4.
 Ibid., p. 14.
 Yusuf 'Ali, The Meaning of the Glorious Qur'an, p. 418, note 1189.
 'Abd al-Malik Ibn Hisham, The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ishaq's Sirat Rasul, introduction and notes by A. Guillaume (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2004 [reprint of the 1955 ed.]), pp. 461-9; 'Abd al-Malik Ibn Hisham, As-Sirah an-Nabawiyah, vol. 3, Mustafa as-Saqqa and Ibrahim al-Hafiz Shalabi, eds. (Misr: Mustafa al-Babi al-Halabi, 1936), pp. 251-4.
 Paul Fregosi, Jihad in the West: Muslim Conquests from the Seventh to the Twenty-first Centuries (Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1998), p. 160.
 Ibid., pp. 187-374.
 Derryl N. MacLean, "La sociologie de l'engagement politique: Le Mahdawiya indien et l'Etat," in Mercedes Garcia-Arenal, ed., Mahdisme et millenarisme en Islam. Revue de mondes Musulmans et de la Mediterranee (Aix-en-Provence: Edisud, 2000), pp. 239-56.
 Another was that of Muhammad bin Tumart (d. 1130). Tumart declared himself the Mahdi and led a conquest of what was then the Al-Murabit (Almoravid) state in North Africa and Iberia. By three decades after his death, his Mahdist followers ruled a state stretching from Portugal to Tunisia.
 P.M. Holt, Encyclopedia of Islam, 2nd ed. (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1960-2002), s.v. "Al-Mahdiyya." The Sudanese Mahdi's writings have been published in seven volumes: Muhammad Ibrahim Abu Salim, ed. Al-Athar al-Kamilah lil-Imam al-Mahdi (Khartoum: Dar Jami'at al-Khartum lil-Nashr, 1990).
 Byron Farwell, Prisoners of the Mahdi (New York & London: W.W. Norton & Company, 1989), pp. 156-7.
 Hamit Bozarslan, "Le Mahdisme en Turquie: L' 'incident de Menemen' en 1930," in Garcia Arenal, ed., Mahdisme et millenarisme en Islam, pp. 237-319; Bernard Lewis, The Emergence of Modern Turkey (London: Oxford University Press, 1968), p. 362.
 Sura al-Kahf 18:16-27; Holt, Encyclopedia of Islam, s.v. "Ashab al-Kahf"; Yusuf 'Ali, The Meaning of the Glorious Qur'an, vol. 1, p. 730, note 2337.
 The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, July 13, 2004.
 Ibid., June 27, 2004.
 Joseph A. Kechichian, "Islamic Revivalism and Change in Saudi Arabia: Juhayman al 'Utaybi's 'Letters to the Saudi People,'" The Muslim World (Hartford Seminary), Jan. 1990, pp. 1-17.
 "Al-Zarqawi Associate: Al-Zarqawi Unconnected to Al-Qa'ida, Seeks to Expand Fighting to Entire Region," Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI), Sept. 23, 2004.
 The Wall Street Journal, Sept. 3, 2004.
 "AL-Qa'ida Magazine: 'O Sheikh of the Slaughterers, Abu Mus'ab al-Zarqawi, Go Forth in the Straight Path, Guided by Allah," MEMRI, Oct. 12, 2004.
 ABCNews.com, Aug. 11, 2004.